Pomeranian - Breed Information

Fawn Pomeranian

Do you want a small and fluffy dog that is highly affectionate and does not need much space at home? If so, then a Pomeranian might be the perfect canine companion for you. Before you actually go out and get one though, it would be prudent to learn as much as you can about the dog breed first.

Appearance

Pomeranians are small dogs that often grow no more than 12 inches in height and weigh up to a measly 7 pounds. They have large and dense double coats with thick tails that fan all the way to the tip. The color of the dog's coat can be either red or orange and come in various shades and patterns.

History

If you have ever seen a Pomeranian, then you would know that they are one of the cutest and smallest dog breeds around. What is surprising though is that they used to be a lot bigger. Early Pomeranians are believed to have descended from the German Spitz and were large herding dogs that can weigh up to 30 pounds.

It was Queen Alexandrina Victoria that profoundly influenced the breed's development into a small toy dog due to her fondness for a little red Sable Pomeranian. As a result, breeders began to favor tiny Pomeranians as they were well in demand until succeeding generations became the Pomeranians we see today.

In 1888, the American Kennel Club added Pomeranians to their registry as a distinct dog breed.

White Pomeranian Standing on Two Legs

Temperament

If there is one word that you can use to describe Pomeranian behavior, it is that they are extroverts. They continually seek attention and may even get jealous as a result. They are also highly intelligent and can quickly learn to perform tricks to please.

Another great thing about Pomeranians is that they are loyal canines and bond naturally with family.  Due to their highly affectionate nature, Pomeranians tend to do well with children and can alert the family of any danger.

Potential Health Problems

Health concerns common to the Pomeranian dog breed include the following:

  • collapsed trachea
  • eye problems (cataracts, entropion, and distichiasis)
  • low blood sugar
  • luxating patella
  • dwarfism
  • Convulsions

Of course, we are not saying that a Pomeranian is bound to run into any of the health problems mentioned above. Still, it would be helpful for owners to recognize these problems and take preventive measures as necessary. Hence it is essential that owners keep up with their Pomeranian's veterinary check-ups and get up to date vaccinations.

Care and Grooming

As toy dogs, Pomeranians do not require much exercise. However, they are highly active canines that thrive on their owner's attention.

Of course, grooming is where owning a Pomeranian for a pet dog can turn out to be quite a challenge. These dogs sport fluffy and thick double coats that require regular brushing to maintain.  Owners likewise have to bathe and trim their nails every few weeks.

A Pomeranian can live 12 to 16 years with proper care, and while they belong to a fairly healthy dog breed, they are known to be susceptible to some health problems. One of them is tartar buildup which is why it is recommended that owners have the dog's teeth cleaned by a veterinarian at least once a year.

You might not be able to give the cute Pomeranian to every dog lover but you can gift a Pomeranian calendar to them.